Wulfenia | Ethics and Malpractice

Wulfenia publishes original research dealing with botany and paleobotany, giving preference to systematics, taxonomy, floristics, morphology, chorology and vegetation science. Contributions from all over the world are welcome.

Papers previously submitted to the so-called, fraudulent “Multidisciplinary Wulfenia” (see warning on the homepage) are rejected. Wulfenia does not accept attempts to submit papers already published by “Multidisciplinary Wulfenia” to gain legal status. Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication is not acceptable.

Papers should contain original research as well as sufficient detail and references to allow others to reproduce the findings. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. Fraudulent or intended inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour.

Plagiarism in all its forms is unethical and is therefore unacceptable. Correct acknowledgement of the work of others must always be given. Authors have to cite publications which influenced the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, reviews or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source.

Wulfenia does not publish research on materials received in illegal or unethical way.

Authorship is limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the scientific work reported in the submitted paper. Language editing etc. should be stated in acknowledgements. The corresponding author is responsible that only appropriate co-authors are included in the manuscript and all co-authors have approved the arrangement of authors and the final version of the manuscript and have agreed to its submission for publication in Wulfenia. All authors take collective responsibility for the work.

Authors should disclose financial and personal relationships with persons or institutions that could be interpreted as dishonestly influencing their scientific work (conflict of interest). Sources of financial support for research and preparation of the paper should be stated in the acknowledgements.

Image manipulation should be limited to adjustments of brightness, contrast or colour balance to improve clarity. It is not allowed to obscure or introduce a specific feature within an image or eliminate any information present in the original. Manipulation for these purposes could be seen as scientific ethical abuse.

For detailed information see: